Plant Care

 

Dragon fruit:

All of our dragon fruit plants have been greenhouse grown. When you receive your plants, please be patient in acclimating them to their new environment. This means slowly transitioning them from shade to full sun. Please do not place them in a dark place, like a garage, they will shock! We recommend placing them in a partial shady protected area and moving them into full sun over a minimum of a two week period. Moving the plants into full sun too quickly can cause severe sun scald which will damage the overall plant health. 

Dragon fruit will not grow in cold climates, so make sure that the temperature is above 40 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent damage from occurring to the plant. For optimal growth, the temperature needs to be between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Dragon fruit can be planted in large containers or in the ground as long as they are protected from frost and are planted in well-drained soil.

We recommend that you grow dragon fruit plants in full sun after acclimation, supported by a strong trellis system that can support the weight of the cactus. 

Dragon fruit are a tropical fruiting cactus with beautiful green succulent foliage and delicious fruit that range in colors of red, pink, white and yellow depending of the variety. 

Fertilizing in the early spring is essential to produce quality fruit, additional fertilizing can be applied as needed throughout the growing season. With proper water and fertilizing, these plants can produce fruit within 2-3 years of planting. It is vital to have a minimum of 5-6 feet of growth to ensure proper fruit production.

Dragon fruit require consistent watering during the active growing season but does not require much water during the winter. Avoiding overhead water will help to prevent disease or rot. 

Most varieties of dragon fruit require pollination to produce fruit, it is recommended to have more than one plant for pollination purposes. The blooms open at night are commonly pollenated by bats, moths and bees but most growers tend to hand pollenate for increase fruit production. Covering the fruit with netting will help to detour birds and other pests.  

These plants need to be pruned in the fall/winter to promote an open canopy and to promote new growth in the spring. 

The fruit that is produced is packed full of vitamins B, C and omega 3s! Dragon Fruit can be enjoyed fresh, in fruit salads, smoothies, made in to sorbets and even dried!

For more information about dragon fruit production check out this helpful video from the San Diego UC Agriculture Extension. 

How to train dragon fruit plants on a trellis:

 

How to hand pollinate Dragon fruit flowers:

 

 

 

 

Dragon Fruit Plant List – Cal Poly Pomona Nursery

The following list is what we found on which varieties are Self Fertile or Self Sterile.

Self-Fertile- It can use its own pollen to set fruit.

Self-Sterile - It needs cross pollination to set fruit, usually done by hand pollination from another variety.

 

American Beauty         Purple Flesh       Self Fertile

AX                               Purple Flesh       Self Sterile

Condor                         Purple Flesh       Self Fertile

Connie Mayor              White Flesh        Self Sterile

Dark Star                      Purple Flesh       Self Sterile

Delight                         Pink Flesh          Self Fertile

Frankie’s Red               Red Flesh           Self Fertile

Halley’s Comet            Purple Flesh       Self Sterile

La Verne                      Purple Flesh       Self Sterile

Lisa                              Red Flesh           Self Sterile

Natural Mystic             Red Flesh           Self Fertile

Palora – Yellow Skin   White Flesh        Self Fertile

Physical Graffiti          Pink Flesh          Self Sterile

Purple Haze                 Purple Flesh       Self Sterile

Rixford                        Purple Flesh       Self Sterile

San Ignacio                 Red Flesh           Self Fertile

Shayna                        Purple Flesh       Self Fertile

Sin Espinas                 Red Flesh           Self Fertile

Sugar Dragon              Red Flesh           Self Fertile

Valdivia Rojo              Red Flesh           Self Sterile

Vietnamese Red          Red Flesh           Self Fertile

Vietnamese White      White Flesh         Self Fertile

Zamorano                    Red Flesh           Self Fertile